Amber is an organic stone from coagulated resin of conifers covering the area of Northern and Central Europe of today. The age of the amber lumps occurring on the terrains of Poland is estimated to be about 40–60 million years. In spite of numerous processes that resin underwent while turning into amber, it still remains in the stadium of oxidization and polymerization. Since this process still goes on, amber is constantly changing and one can assume that it is a “living” stone.
Natural colors of amber are light yellow or honey. It is the color that plausibly fresh resin had. Darker colors of other varieties of amber are results of oxidization. Frequently amber lumps are dark brown on the outside and light inside. The outer surface, known as a bark (rough and cracked), is created as a result of partial crystallization caused by a loss of water. White and non-transparent varieties of amber are called foamy. Both their color and their name are derived from the stone being structured like foam. Its color and degree of transparence depend on the size and number of air bubbles contained in it.
For thousands of years this extraordinary stone has enjoyed human interest. It has been used in craftsmanship and art. People also believed in its magical and healing properties. Our forebears were interested in amber and used it for their own needs as early as 13,000 years BC. From that period simple amber drawings of predators and wild horses derive. Found in Germany and Poland, they are now deemed the oldest.
Amber has for centuries been used in the jewelry industry. It is a material that is easy to shape, therefore, it is eagerly and frequently used to produce beautiful necklaces, rings, earrings. It has a lot of varieties. It is difficult to find two lumps that would not differ at all, which gives enormous opportunities to amber craftsmen. They can use amber to compose resplendent jewelry. The more interesting amber is placed in it, the more valuable it will be.
For centuries miraculous healing properties of Polish amber have been known. Wearing rings, necklaces, pendants, brooches, button badges, earrings with beads of amber helps for a badly working thyroid, sore throat, problems with bronchial tubes. Drinking amber liqueur will make us forget about worrisome digestive problems. Ointments, creams and other pharmaceuticals produced on the basis of amber acid, which has strong antitoxic and anti-inflammatory effects, will sooth insect bites, aid healing burns and more. Joss sticks of amber will eliminate substances and microorganism ruining our precious health from the air.